Communicable Disease Prevention Services

Communicable Disease Prevention (CDP) includes epidemiology activities directed toward disease surveillance, prevention, detection, management and control of communicable diseases throughout the community.

CDP investigates reported diseases (PDF) to ensure that the disease does not spread further in the community, and educates, vaccinates and medicates as recommended.

In addition to these duties, CDP provides active surveillance in the community so that any unusual disease occurrence is noted. This is particularly important considering the terrorist event of September 11, 2001. Any possible biological agent that could be used by a bio-terrorist would be noticed in a quicker timeframe as a result of these efforts.

CDP helps to prevent outbreaks of seasonal influenza by assisting in immunizing our community with flu vaccine.

The Tuberculosis Clinic provides diagnostic and treatment services including but not limited to :

  • Screening for exposure (Mantoux/PPD testing);
  • Giving and interpreting x-rays;
  • Obtaining sputum and other specimens for laboratory analysis:
  • Providing prescription and other drugs for treatment;
  • Monitoring patient reaction to toxic prescription drugs;
  • Monitoring adherence to treatment or therapy regime;
  • Providing social services to ensure completion of treatment or therapy;
  • Providing Directly Observed Therapy and related services for persons with TB necessitating 6 to 9 months of multiple office, home, and/or worksite visits;
  • Providing social services to ensure completion of treatment or therapy;
  • Providing consultation on diagnosis and treatment to physicians, nursing homes, social service agencies, hospitals, and others.
  • The Specialty Clinic diagnoses and treats sexually transmitted diseases which includes syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital warts, etc. HIV testing is also offered at this clinic.

    The HIV/AIDS Prevention Program provides education to the community to promote awareness of safer sex strategies to different target groups such as Men who have sex with Men (MSM), African Americans, Women at risk, Youth, etc. This program also provides condom distribution throughout the community.

    HIV Surveillance: HIV/AIDS reporting was initiated at the national level in 1981 to help monitor the scope and impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. HIV Surveillance collects this reported data in order to provide accurate epidemiologic data to monitor the incidence and prevalence of HIV infection and AIDs-related morbidity and mortality. These data trends are used to assist in public health planning and policy.

    The Office of Vaccines & Immunizations assesses the community knowledge of vaccines and level of vaccination against vaccine preventable diseases, maintains community compliance with assessment and enforcement of school and daycare entry immunization requirements,and assures public access to vaccines and vaccine knowledge.

    The Office of Vaccines and Immunizations coordinates the department's Flu Vaccine distribution to the community. This is done through special flu shot clinics, home visits and clinics in businesses and non-profit agencies in metro Louisville.

    To report infectious diseases call 574-6677.

    To receive information regarding immunizations call 574-5380.

    The Center for Disease Control Public Response Service is available for further inquiries:

    • Hours of operation: Mon-Fri 8am-11pm (ET) and Sat-Sun 10am-8pm. (ET)
    • Toll-free numbers: English 1-888-246-2675 and Spanish 1-888-246-2857 and TTY 1-866-874-2646
    • Email:cdcresponse@ashastd.org.
    • Centers for Disease Control website: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/

    Photo of nurses filling syringes