Public Health has a unique opportunity to educate women on the benefits of early detection of breast and cervical cancer by the means of self-breast examination, clinical breast examination, pelvic exam and pap smear screening.
The Louisville Metro Department of Public Health and Wellness works in conjunction with the James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Cytocheck, Inc., University GYN/OB Foundation, Family Health Centers, Inc., Park DuValle Community Health Centers and Norton Healthcare to provide cancer screening and follow up.
Breast Cancer Screening:
Breast cancer is the leading cancer in women ages 40 and older. Early diagnosis of breast cancer offers women more treatment options and greatly reduces mortality. Early diagnosis is aided by monthly breast self-exam, annual clinical breast exam, and regular mammogram screening if age appropriate.
Breast Cancer Risk Factors:
- Female age 40 and older
- First degree relative (mother, sister, daughter) with history of breast cancer
- Personal history of benign breast condition
- Menstruation at early age (prior to age 12)
- Late menopause (after age 52)
- No pregnancies or first pregnancy after age 30
Cervical Cancer Screening:
Annual pap smear screening with pelvic examination results in early identification of precancerous conditions of the cervix and early stage diagnosis of cervical cancer. Most cervical cancer can be PREVENTED with early treatment of precancerous lesions.
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors:
- Multiple sexual partners in a lifetime (> 3)
- A sex partner with multiple sex partners
- Cigarette smoking (any amount)
- Beginning sexual intercourse at an early age (age 18 or less)
- History of multiple sexually transmitted diseases
- Infrequent pap smear testing (> 5 years since last pap smear)
For more information about the program or to schedule a cancer screening, please contact the Department of Public Health and Wellness at (502) 574-6520.